Bill Gates's Biography

Bill Gates

About

  • Born
    28 October 1955
  • Died
  • Sex
    Male
  • Nationality
    USA
  • Citizen
    Washington

Early life

Bill Gates was born in Seattle, Washington to the family of William and Mary Mackell Gates. In his veins flows English, German, and Scotch-Irish blood. His father was a prominent lawyer, and his mother was a member of the board of directors at First Interstate BancSystem, United Way. Gates has one older sister Christie and one younger sister Libby. Gates' parents wanted their son to become a lawyer as well. In the early years of his life, his parents took him to a Congregationalist church. At the age of 13, he attends Lexington School ‘an exclusive preparatory school’. Bill was in the 8th grade when the Mothers Club wanted to buy a "33 ASR Terminal" (Teletype Model 33 ASR) and a computer block from General Electric (GE) for school children. Gates became interested in programming for GE systems. He wrote his first computer program for this machine. Gates was fascinated by this machine and how it perfectly encodes the main program. When the money raised from the proceeds ended, Bill and other students continued to work on projects (DEC PDP minicomputers). One of these systems was PDP-10, owned by the Computer Center Corporation (CCC), which banned 4 students - Bill, Paul Allen, Rick Wilder, and Kent Ivens. Later the ban was lifted, and 4 students were offered to find errors in CCC programs instead of getting computer time.

Instead of copying the system, Gates went to the CCC office and began studying source code for various applications (used in the system, including applications in Fortran, Lisbon) and machine language. The agreement with CCC continued until 1970 when the company was out of business. The following year, the corporation of Information Sciences (Inc.) hired four students from Lexington, they had to write a salary plan in Kabul. After the Gates administrators found out about his computer skills, he wrote a timetable for the school. At the age of 17, Gates, along with Allen, founded a business called Traf-O-Data, which created traffic calculators based on the Intel 8008 processor. In early 1973, Gates led the congressional page of the US House of Representatives. Gates graduated from Lexington School in 1973. He scores 1590 from the 1600 SAT score and is admitted to Harvard College the same year. In the second year, Gates devised an algorithm for pancake sorting, which was the solution to only one of the problems presented in the Combinatorics class.

Gates set a record, being the fastest in 30 years, and his successor was only one percent faster. During his years at Harvard, Gates had no clear plan to teach, and he devoted much time to school computers. Gates was in touch with Paul Allen, and in the summer of 1974, he joined Hannibal. The following year, the MITS Altair 8800, based on the Intel 8080 CPU, was released, and Gates and Allen considered it a good opportunity to start their own software company. During the same year, Gates left Harvard.

In 1975 Bill Gates was arrested for the first time in his life for speeding and driving without a license.

Microsoft

BASIC

After reading the 1975 issue of "Popular Electronics" featuring the Altair 8800, Gates contacted Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS), who had created the microcomputers, and informed them that they were developing a Basic Programmer Translator. Gates and Allen did not have Altair and therefore could not write code. The MITS director agrees to meet them, and a few weeks later they create a copy of Altair, which worked on minicomputers and later on the BASIC translation program. The screening took place in Albuquerque at the MITS office and was a success and allowed signing a contract with MITS. Paul Allen went to work at MITS, and Bill was absent from Harvard to work with Allen at MITS. They called their company Micro-Soft and opened their first office in Albuquerque. Microsoft's BASIC software was popular with computer lovers, but Gates discovered that pre-market duplicates appeared that were widely duplicated and circulated within the public. In February 1976, Gates wrote an open letter to the MITS Newsletter for Lovers, saying that MITS would no longer export, sell, and support high-quality programs for free. At the end of 1976, Microsoft separated from MITS and continued to develop applications for various systems. The company moved to Bellevue, Washington on January 1, 1979.

Partnering with IBM

In July 1980, IBM asked Microsoft to write programs for their new personal computers (IBM PCs). Microsoft was initially asked to write a BASIC translation program. When IBM representatives said they needed an operating system, Gates advised Digital Research (creators of the CP / M operating system). However, IBM failed to obtain a license agreement. Jack Seams asked IBM Gates to get the operating system. A few weeks later, Gates proposed to use 86-DOS (QDOS), similar to CP / M, developed by Seattle Computer Products (SCP). Gates agrees with the latter, becoming the system's only licensed agent and later the full owner. And a deal was later signed with IBM. Under the contract, it was given to IBM for a one-time fee ($ 50,000).

Windows

Microsoft released its first retail version of Microsoft Windows on November 20, 1985, and August. They made a deal with IBM to develop a separate operating system, OS / 2. Although the two companies have successfully developed the first version of the new system, cooperation has weakened due to creative differences.

Management style

From 1975-2006, Gates was directly responsible for Microsoft's product strategy. He was steadily increasing the number of products. As CEO, Gates often met with Microsoft senior managers and program managers. Those who met him in person described Gates as a "militant in speech". He always reprimanded his managers for failures in their business strategy or for suggestions that could put the goodwill of the organization at risk for many years. Throughout Microsoft's history, Gates's role has largely been management or the position of CEO. However, he was an active developer during the early years of Microsoft, particularly in the production of the company's programming languages. He was not officially on the development team after he started working on the TRS-80 Model 100, but in 1989 he wrote a code that was incorporated into the company's products.

Trial on antitrust cases

Some decisions that led to litigation and antitrust cases in Microsoft's business were approved by Gates. In 1998, Gates gave testimony that some reporters described as evasive. Gates argued with investigator David Boyce about the contextual meanings of words such as "compete", "related" and "we". Judges and other attendants seemed to laugh at some factors during his testimony.

Appear in ads

In 2008, Gates starred in many commercials supporting Microsoft. In the first ad, he is shot with Jerry Seinfield, while the shoots take place in the mall, and in the second, they are at home trying to fit in with normal people.

Back to the Microsoft era

Leaving Microsoft, Gates continues his charitable work and, among other projects, receives a series of "Messenger Lectures" called "Characteristics of Physical Law". The lectures were delivered by Richard Feynman in 1964, and the BBC recorded them. In April 2010, Gates was invited by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) to give a lecture. According to Bloomberg's list of billionaires, Gates was the highest-paid billionaire in 2013. As of January 2014, Gates' assets are in Cascade Investments CJSC. In an important interview with Rolling Stone magazine March 27, 2014, Gates talked about his prospects on some issues such as climate change, nuclear power, Steve Jobs and state America. Gates defined innovation as "the true motive for progress" and said that America is now in better shape than it was years ago.

Personal life

On January 1, 1994, Gates married Melinda French. They have three children, two girls, and one boy. The family lives in the Gates home in Medina, where the view of the Washington River opens. According to King County Public Records, total property value as of 2006 is $ 125 million and annual property taxes are $ 991,000. According to Gates, moral systems are very important in religion. They raised their children in religious ways. They visited the Catholic Church with their parents. Gates' accomplishments include the Leicester Code, which is a note by Leonardo da Vinci, he received it in 1994. Gates acquired it at auction for $ 30.8 million in 1994. Bill Gates is also known for his "gourmet" readership, and the ceiling of his huge library in the house carries quotations from The Great Gatsby. He loves playing bridge, tennis, and golf. In an interview in 2006, Gates said he would not like to be the richest man in the world because he did not like the attention he received as a result. Gates has some other investments besides Microsoft, which in 2006 brought him a total of $ 966,667 in revenue. In 1989 he founded Corbis (a digital imaging company). In 2004 he became Director of the Berkshire Hathaway Investment Company.

Charity

“Bill & Melinda Gates” Foundation

Gates studied the works of Andrew Carnegie and John Rockefeller and sold a portion of its shares in 1994 to create the William H. Gates Foundation. In 2000, Gates and his wife merged the three family foundations, forming the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

Criticisms

The Los Angeles Times criticized the fund for investing in companies accused of promoting poverty, pollution, and pharmaceutical companies that do not sell their products in developing countries. In response to criticism, in 2007 the Fund published its theory of investment. Ernest Lefever criticized the Gates Millennium Fellowship Program for failing to fund Caucasian students. This project was supported by the United Negro College Fund.

Recognition

In 1987, Forbes magazine classified Bill Gates as one of the 400 richest people, just before his 32nd birthday. Time Magazine recognized Gates as one of the 100 influencers of the 20th century, as well as one of the 100 most influential people of 2004, 2005, and 2006. Gates, his wife and "U2" rock band singer Bonn won the 2005 title of Time Magazine. In 2006, he took 8th place in the "Heroes of Our Time" series. He was featured in The Guardian Magazine's "Top 100 Most Powerful Media People" in 2001. In 1994, he was awarded the 20th Honorable Research Fellowship of the British Computer Company. Gates received his doctorate at Nyenrod Business University, Breukelen, the Netherlands in 2000, the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden in 2002, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan in 2005, 2005; In Stockholm in 2008 and Cambridge University in 2009. He has also been an honorary trustee at Peking University since 2007. In 2005 Queen Elizabeth II awarded Gates the Order of the Honorable Knight of the British Empire. He and his wife have been awarded the Aztec Eagle Medal for their philanthropic work. In 2010, the Franklin Institute awarded Gates the Bauer Award for being a leader in business for his achievements and philanthropic work at Microsoft. In 2010 he was awarded the "Silver Buffalo Award" by the American Scouts for his work for youth. In 1997, insects call a species of flower fly in honor of Gates: the flower fly of Bill Gates. In 2002, Bill and Melinda Gates was awarded the Jefferson Prize for providing great social service to the needy. In 2006, Gates received the “James Morgan Global Humanitarian Award” from the Tech Awards.

Investments

Cascade Investments LLC Kirkland

Washington

bgC3

Corbis

TerraPower

Research Gate

Personal qualities

Bill Gates is described as a person modest enough in everyday life, in appearance. Nevertheless, the house in which the billionaire lives are crammed with the most modern electronics and cost him, according to some estimates, $ 125 million. Quotes from the novel The Great Gatsby by Francis Scott Fitzgerald are posted on the ceiling of the home library. The house is located on the shores of Lake Washington and has an area of 40 thousand square feet (3720 m²). The “House of the Future" consists of three interconnected pavilions made of glass and pine wood. On the hill is a garage for 30 cars. In the corner of the garage stands the Mustang Museum - his first car. The first pavilion is for entertaining guests. The reception hall overlooks the Olympic Mountains on the other side of Lake Washington. A visitor to the "house of the future" receives an electronic pin that encodes his "preferences" - movies, paintings, music, television shows. The system “recognizes” your tastes and remembers them during your first visit to the house. The central pavilion is a library. A giant dome with wooden inlays hangs over the hall. There is a trampoline next to the library. Gates likes to jump on it, believing that trampolining, as well as rocking in a chair, contribute to the concentration of thought. There is also a swimming pool, a Japanese bath, a trout lake. Gates' main hobby is playing bridge.

Bill Gates’ Books

In 1995, Bill Gates wrote the book “The Road to the Future” (The Road Ahead), in which he outlined his views on the direction in which society is moving in connection with the development of information technology. In 1996, when Microsoft was refocused on Internet technology, Gates made significant adjustments to the book.

In 1999, Bill Gates wrote the book “Business at the Speed of Thought,” which shows how information technology can solve business problems in a completely new way. Of particular note is the fact that the ideas of Bill Gates are in good agreement with the concept of lean manufacturing.

This book has been released in 25 languages and is sold in more than 60 countries. The Business at the Speed of Thought was praised by critics and was listed on the bestseller lists of the New York Times, America Today, The Wall Street Journal and the Amazon.com web server.

Books, Movies and Social Websites

Books

Bill Gates has published two books:

“The Road Ahead” was published in 1995

“Business @ the Speed of Thought” was published in 1999

Movies

“Triumph of the Nerds” 1996

Waiting for "Superman" 2010

“The Virtual Revolution” 2010

Social sites

In 2013 Bill Gates became the "face" of LinkedIn.

Bill Gates Quotes About Life

t’s fine to celebrate success, but it is more important to heed the lessons of failure.

Success is a lousy teacher. It seduces smart people into thinking they can’t lose.

Television is not real life. In real life, people have to leave the coffee shop and go to jobs.

We always overestimate the change that will occur in the next two years and underestimate the change that will occur in the next ten. Don’t let yourself be lulled into inaction.

If you can’t make it good, at least make it look good.

Life is not divided into semesters. You don’t get summers off, and very few employers are interested in helping you. Find yourself.

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