Nikol Pashinyan's Biography

Early life, family and education

Nikol Pashinyan was born on June 1, 1975, in Ijevan, Tavush region. He comes from the Ijevan region of Haghartsin (formerly called Charkhech village. The Palestinians were one of the first inhabitants of Charkhech, who emigrated from Achajur village in 1815. Nikol's father, Vova Pashinyan, worked as a schoolmaster in Haghartsin village. Hovhannisyan, a housewife who was also born in the village of Charkhech, was born in 1981 at the age of six when Nikol Pashinyan enrolled in Spartak Sargsyan's the number 1 secondary school in Ijevan. 1991. In the same year, Pashinyan entered the journalism department of the Yerevan State University, Department of Philology, and according to third-party testimonies, Nikol Pashinyan was distinguished during his undergraduate years as an active participant in the daily life of the university.

“My most vivid memory of my student years is when I first entered the university building to hand in my work. Since I was born and raised in Ijevan, the most striking impression for me was the environment: the building, the tall, large doors, the windows, the people, the students, for whom being at university was a very ordinary, everyday thing. This impression in some sense scares first and then fades away. Is it scary if you will find yourself in such an environment that it is common for you to enter? The first impression was the specificity of the problem. I had a problem finding myself in that environment, and I'm glad I did, and the next impression was a quick disappointment”.

Nikol Pashinyan's critical attitude has been formed since university years. In his own words, he has been unable to respond to the illegalities and frauds that have come before him. In his fifth year of studying at Yerevan State University, Nikol Pashinyan writes a critical article about the activities of the sister-in-law of former YSU Garnik Ananyan. As a result, by a government decision in 1995, Nikol Pashinyan was expelled from Yerevan State University.

Nikol Pashinyan will soon meet with one of the Vice-rectors of the University. Nikol Pashinyan wrote on his website that during the meeting it became clear that the reason for his dismissal was not the low level of progress, the shortcomings, but the critical article. Interestingly, the checkbook, which is an argument, was not found during the events, and after some time it again proved Nikol Pashinyan's absolute progress. YSU administration offered student Nikol to file a restoration application but was rejected by the head of the future country.

Work activity

Since 1992 he has been actively involved in journalism. The first article is published on the front page of the ‘Avangard' newspaper. Later he was a correspondent for Armenia, 'Dprutyun' newspapers. In 1994-1998 he worked as a journalist with 'Lragir' newspaper. During this time, the newspaper is also published under several other names: "Journal Day", "Planet". Here for the first time trying to play the role of the editor: releases the Y-I-E youth tab. In 1998-99 he was the Chief Editor of the 'Oragir' daily and, since the summer of 1999, the Chief Editor of the 'Haykakan Zhamanak' daily. Pashinyan has been prosecuted several times during his journalistic career, even being sentenced to imprisonment, but his sentence is not conditional.

Haykakan Zhamanak

In 1999 Nikol Pashinyan founded 'Haykakan Zhamanak' daily, which was a continuation of his "Blog" magazine. The last one was closed by a court decision in the same year as a result of political disputes.

The opposition 'Haykakan Zhamanak' daily, headed by Nikol Pashinyan, covered Armenia's internal and external issues and challenges, conducted investigations into the political activities of the Armenian authorities, reported on socio-economic issues in Armenia, which resulted in numerous attacks. One such case is the attack on November 22, 2004, when a Niva car belonging to Haykakan Zhamanak was blown up at 8:40 pm and was constantly driven by Nikol Pashinyan, the newspaper's chief editor. In response to reporters' questions after the incident, he stated that he had been offered a chance to investigate the version that Gagik Tsarukyan, the chairman of the 'Multi Group' company, the leader of the NA PAP faction, was behind the blast. Police have officially said they were unable to identify the perpetrators.

Nikol Pashinyan was the editor-in-chief of the newspaper before the March 1, 2008 events in Yerevan. From 2008 to 2011 he was temporarily replaced by Anna Hakobyan. After being elected to the National Assembly in May 2012, Nikol Pashinyan resigned as editor-in-chief of 'Haykakan Zhamanak' daily.

Political activity

1998 - Member of the election headquarters of RA presidential candidate Ashot Bean. In 2006 he participates in the establishment of an Alternative NGO initiative.

2007 National Assembly Elections of the Republic of Armenia

Nikol Pashinyan entered the political arena for the first time during the 2007 parliamentary elections. He was the head of the Impeachment alliance formed by the Democratic Homeland, the Conservative parties, and the Alternative NGO. These parties were respectively headed by Petros Makeyan and Michael Hayrapetyan. The main purpose of this alliance was to impeach the second president of Armenia, Robert Kocharyan, but also to oust Prime Minister Serzh Sargsyan and MP Gagik Tsarukyan. About 1,000 people took part in their first rally in Liberty Square on February 20. During the rallies, Pashinyan came up with the slogan "No coding, no robots, no sergeant."

On May 9, 2007, three days before the election, the Impeachment Alliance with the Republic and New Times parties organized a march to demand the release of Alexander Arzumanyan, who they believe is a political prisoner. It led to clashes, where police beat the demonstrators with criminals. They also used tear gas to disperse the crowd. The impeachment alliance received 17,475 votes or 1.28% of the vote, and the passage threshold for alliances was 7%.

2008 presidential election

In 2008 he was a member of the pre-election headquarters of the first RA President, presidential candidate Levon Ter-Petrosyan. 2008 Pashinyan goes underground on March 2, avoiding political persecution. On July 1, 2009, after being detained for 1 year 4 months, he voluntarily appears in the RA Prosecutor's office and is arrested.

Arrest and trial

On January 19, 2010, the Kentron and Nork-Marash Administrative Court of Yerevan sentenced Nikol Pashinyan to 7 years in prison under Article 225 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Armenia presided by Judge Mnatsakan Martirosyan. The punishment starts on July 1, 2009. Subsequently, Pashinyan's sentence is cut in half, and he is released on May 28, 2011, under the amnesty announced on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of Armenia's independence.

2010 Parliamentary Majority elections

Since Khachatur Sukiasyan was deprived of his mandate on 6 October 2009 under Article 67 of the RA Constitution and Article 12 of the RA National Assembly Rules of Procedure, on January 10, 2010, N 10 National Assembly majoritarian elections were held in the precinct, where Nikol Pashinyan, who was arrested, also took 4650 votes and finished second.

2012 National Assembly elections

May 6, 2012 - Elected Deputy of the National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia on the proportional list of the ANC. He also ran in the majoritarian constituency No. 7, competing against Samvel Alexanyan, but lost to Alexanyan with 9,437 votes, while Samvel Alexnanyan gets 19,808 votes. From September 2012 to February 2013 he was the Chairman of the Ad-hoc Committee on Ethics of the National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia.

Civic Contract Party

In 2013 he co-founded the Civic Agreement public-political union.

At the Constituent Assembly of the “Civil Contract” Party held on May 30, 2015, he was elected as a member of the first board of the CC with 205 votes.

On October 30, 2016, he was elected a member of the Second Board of the CC at the 3rd Extraordinary Congress of the 'Civic Contract' Party with 138 votes.

On June 16, 2019, he was elected a member of the Third Board of the “Civil Rights” Party at the 5th congress of the “Civic Contract” Party.

Velvet Revolution

In 2018, under the leadership of Nikol Pashinyan, the “My Step” initiative launched a march from Gyumri to Yerevan against Serzh Sargsyan's premiership. The initiative he led was in collaboration with other forces struggling against Serzh Sargsyan's power and received widespread support from various segments of the population. As a result of large-scale civil disobedience actions launched by civil society, on April 23, at noon, Armenian Prime Minister Serzh Sargsyan resigned.

The process of becoming Prime Minister

On May 8, 2018, Nikol Pashinyan was elected the 16th Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia by 42 votes to 42. He was backed by the Tsarukyan alliance, the ARF faction, the "Exit" alliance in the National Assembly, and the Republican Party with 10 votes in advance.

On October 16, 2018, Nikol Pashinyan announced his resignation from the post of Prime Minister on Public TV.

Following his resignation on October 24, the Prime Ministerial election was held in the National Assembly, with only Nikol Pashinyan nominated and not elected, receiving only one vote.

The second election was held on November 1, when Nikol Pashinyan was again a candidate and was not re-elected. According to the Armenian constitution, if no prime minister is elected after two elections, then snap parliamentary elections are held. For that reason, on December 9, 2018, snap parliamentary elections were held, with 9 forces in attendance, with Nikol Pashinyan leading the "My Step" bloc's list, which received more than 70% of the vote and 88 seats. On January 14, 2019, by the President of the Republic of Armenia Nikol Pashinyan was automatically appointed Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia by the first sitting of the 7th convocation of the National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia.

Prime Minister Pashinyan's participation in various elections

Early elections to the Yerevan Council of Elders

On July 9, 2018, Yerevan Mayor Taron Margaryan resigned, after which the council did not elect any candidate for mayor. And on September 21, by the decision of the government, the special elections of the Yerevan Council of Elders were held. Civic Contract Party with Mission Party formed the "My Step" alliance, and Hayk Marutyan was nominated as mayor. Nikol Pashinyan actively supported throughout the campaign and participated in the rallies. At a recent rally, he noted that by voting for the "My Step" alliance, people are voting in favor of snap parliamentary elections. After gaining 81% of the vote, Nikol Pashinyan announced that the parliament should be dissolved as soon as possible and snap parliamentary elections would be held.

October 21, 2018, Local Government Elections

On October 21, 2018, local self-government elections were held, during which mayoral elections were held in 4 major cities - Armavir, Vagharshapat, Kapan and Hrazdan. Representatives of the 'Civic Contract' Party were nominated in all cities. Except for the three remaining towns of Hrazdan, the party backed party candidates. On October 17, Nikol Pashinyan visited Davit Khudatyan's campaign in Armavir, and on October 18 he participated in Diana Gasparyan's campaign in Echmiadzin. Pashinyan called on Echmiadzin to elect the first female mayor in the history of independent Armenia. On the last day of the campaign, on October 19, Pashinyan left for Syunik on an official visit, and in the evening participated in the campaign of the mayoral candidate Narek Babayan in Kapan Square. Except for Kapan, representatives of the Civic Contract Party were elected mayor in the remaining three districts. Nikol Pashinyan described the defeat of the party in Kapan as a victory of the revolution.

Snap Parliamentary Elections 2018

On October 16, 2018, Nikol Pashinyan announced his resignation from the post of Prime Minister on Public TV.

“Throughout this time, I and the government will continue to carry out our responsibilities. I will continue to be the author of the people's victory. Many are worried that if the parliamentary forces nominate another candidate for prime minister, are we ready for such a scenario?

No power can stand before the will of the people. No matter how many disagreements we have with some NA forces, I cannot think that they will take any anti-national anti-state steps. Our people and our state are a red line for both the RPA and the ARF, they will never cross that red line. "

Following his resignation on October 24, the Prime Ministerial elections were held in the National Assembly, with only Nikol Pashinyan nominated and not elected, receiving only one vote. The second election was held on November 1, when Nikol Pashinyan was again a candidate and was not re-elected. According to the Armenian constitution, if no prime minister is elected after two elections, then snap parliamentary elections are held. For that reason, on December 9, 2018, snap parliamentary elections were called, with 9 forces in attendance, with Nikol Pashinyan leading the 'My Step' alliance list, which received more than 70% of the vote and 88 seats. On January 14, 2019, at the first sitting of the 7th convocation of the National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia, Nikol Pashinyan was automatically appointed Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia.

Creative activity

Nikol Pashinyan is the author of some political-oriented works, including "Spring Break".

While underground during the March 1 events, he created the novel "The Opposite Side of the Earth", a circular novel published in the summer of 2018.

After being released from prison by amnesty, he admitted that he had been in Armenia underground the whole time and that his work was a fictional story.

He has also authored "The Tale of the Evil Cabin". During one of his interviews, he noted that his personal goal in life was to finish his political career successfully and pursue a creative career.

Family

Married, has three daughters and one son. His wife, Anna Hakobyan, is the director of My Step and the Founder of the City of Smiles, the editor-in-chief of Haykakan Zhamanak daily. The children are Mariam born November 14, 1998, Ashot born March 11, 2000, Shushan born July 17, 2007, and Arpi born August 17, 2015. Ashot was drafted into the Nagorno Karabakh Republic in 2018.

See Also